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University of Amsterdam
Postdoc for project Platform Labor: Transformations of Work and Livelihood in Post-Welfare Societies
Research at the Faculty of Humanities is carried out by six research schools under the aegis of the Amsterdam Institute for Humanities Research. The Amsterdam School for Cultural Analysis (ASCA), one of the six research schools, currently has a vacant postdoctoral position as part of the ERC Starting Grant project 'Platform Labor: Transformations of Work and Livelihood in Post-Welfare Societies', led by Dr Niels van Doorn. ASCA is home to more than 110 scholars and 120 PhD candidates, and is a world-leading international research school in Cultural Analysis. ASCA members share a commitment to working in an interdisciplinary framework and to maintaining a close connection with contemporary cultural and political debates.
Location: Amsterdam
Salary: €3,389 to €3,773 gross per month
Deadline: 31 March 2020
Digital platforms like Uber, Airbnb, and Care.com are transforming how people work, create and share value, and sustain themselves in their everyday lives. Platform companies are also increasingly important in their role as institutional actors that redraw relations between market, state, and civil society. When we consider that these relations have historically been shaped by gender, class, and racial inequalities, it becomes crucial to ask how and to what extent platforms – as new sites of capital accumulation, governance, and norm-making – reproduce existing inequalities and if/how they also generate new vulnerabilities or tools for empowerment. Accordingly, the Platform Labor research project aims to determine how digital platforms are changing the organization of labor, livelihood, and (urban) governance in societies marked by retrenching welfare systems. The project consists of four subprojects, examining the following topics: the opportunities and challenges of low-income service work in the 'on-demand economy'; Airbnb’s uneven impact on households, neighborhoods, and cities; the platformization of social reproduction in a participatory society; the policy challenges that arise when labor, social reproduction, and (urban) governance are increasingly impacted by digital platforms. All projects adopt a cross-national comparative approach. The first three subprojects, conducted by the PI (1) and two PhD students (2 & 3), are rooted in ethnographic research conducted in three cities that have seen a major growth in platform-mediated 'gig' and 'sharing' economy activity: Amsterdam, Berlin, and New York City (for more information, please consult Platform Labor). To investigate the multi-scalar policy and regulatory challenges that emerge in the context of subprojects 1-3, the Platform Labor project is looking for a postdoctoral researcher with a background in comparative public/social policy studies. The successful candidate will be responsible for carrying out subproject 4, which aims to examine to what extent and how platforms circumvent, negotiate, problematize, or indeed align themselves with existing policy measures and frameworks on local and national levels. For example, since platform-mediated food delivery and cleaning work is highly individualized and mostly performed by people classified as independent contractors, it adds significant pressure on national institutions such as social security systems and collective bargaining agreements. Meanwhile, short-term home rental platforms such as Airbnb complicate, if not upend, existing local policies and regulations concerning tourism, housing, and urban planning. Finally, with regard to ongoing welfare retrenchment and new demands placed on ‘participating’, ‘responsible’ citizens and households, platforms become entangled with ideals of grassroots, decentralized governance and policy, in which they are expected to fulfill gaps left by public and private institutions. The postdoctoral candidate is expected to build on the work undertaken by the project’s team members, while applying their own perspectives, approaches, and expertise to the study of the various policy and regulatory challenges of digital platforms in New York (US), Berlin (Germany) and Amsterdam (Netherlands).
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